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Can you record someone without their consent in California?




No, it is not permissible to record a confidential conversation without anyone’s consent. According to Californian law, it is an eavesdropping crime according to Penal Code 632 PC.

The regulation makes recording any telephone calls or conversations in private is a crime. However, you can legally record a communication done publically. The law excludes the police and some private people from recording and collecting evidence for a crime/ offense.

Violating the Penal code 632 is a wobbler crime. It means you will be charged either as a felony or misdemeanor at the prosecutor’s will. So, when the prosecutor marks the crime as a misdemeanor, the highest penalties include:

  • Imprisonment in the country prison for a year or a fine of $2500.

However, when the prosecutor marks the crime as a felony, then it is punishable by:

  • Sixteen months, two years, or three years in the state jail or a fine of $2500.

What is eavesdropping under Penal Code 632?

According to Californian law, Penal Code 632 has marked eavesdropping as a crime. To make it a crime, the following conditions must prevail:

  • The act should be done on purpose and not accidentally.
  • It should be done without the consent of the person conversing.
  • The conversation should be private.
  • The act should involve a recording device to record the conversation.

According to the law of California, a conversation is only marked private if a party involved in the conversation states that no one should overhear it. Whether the conversation is confidential or not is completely subjective.

Can you apply this rule to public conversations?

It works on whether the law applies to public conversations or not. A private and confidential conversation occurs at least one of the conversation participants agree that no one else hears it.

It means that PC 632 is not applicable for public conversations because a public conversation is meant to be heard by everyone. As per the regulation, the rule doesn’t apply to:

Any lawful, executive, and administrative process being discussed in the public or any situation where the parties communicating may expect that the communication is recorded or overheard.

Can illegal call recording be done to collect evidence?

Well, it can only be done by law enforcement workers. Police can listen to the private conversations of people without their consent. Any evidence acquired by the police bodies is acceptable in the court.

However, common people can be immediately summoned by law if they record a conversation to collect evidence about a crime.

They are only exempted if the recording is done to locate and collect pieces of evidence for crimes like bribery, extortion, kidnapping, and any felony.

If you are a victim of illegal call recording and are not aware of your rights or want to take immediate action against it, you should get in touch with Kazerouni Law Group. The professionals will give you a free case evaluation and inform you about all the legal actions you can take.

A multi-lingual talent head, Jimmy is fluent in languages such as Spanish, Russian, Italian, and many more. He has a special curiosity for the events and stories revolving in and around US and caters an uncompromising form of journalistic standard for the audiences.

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5 Things to do in Maryland




The East Coast of the US has a lot to offer, and although might not be top of the list for everyone, there are so many reasons why you should visit Maryland. Head to Maryland’s largest city, Baltimore – explore the harbour, or visit the beach to experience the excitement of the amusements. Immerse yourself in history with the range of museums and monuments that Maryland has to offer. Here are the top 5 things that you can do when visiting Maryland. 

1. Oriole Park at Camden Yards 

If you’re a sports fan heading to Maryland, visiting Camden Yards is a must. Home to the Baltimore Orioles, Camden Yards was opened in 1992, it’s a retro-style park and it has been from the day it was built! If you’re planning on visiting this old-school stadium, you’ll be headed right into the heart of Baltimore’s inner harbour, with a huge variety of things to see and do, experiencing an Oriole’s game means you can experience this quaint park, as well the stunning harbour surroundings. Soon, you’ll be able to place moneyline bets online in Maryland, so you can add a whole new level of excitement to your favourite baseball games. 

2. Ocean City Boardwalk 

Baltimore’s boardwalk is one of the best in the country, so if you’re looking for things to do in Maryland, this should be top of your list! The boardwalk itself dates to 1902, but it is still one of the most exciting places to visit this day. Situated right on the beach, there’s an abundance of fun to be had here, and a lot of the time, the activities are free! 

Morning or night, you can guarantee there is always something to see and do. You can head to the amusements, with arcades that are fun for the whole family, or if you’re more of a thrill-seeker, ride the rollercoaster or take in the stunning views from the top of the Ferris wheel. If you’re hungry, you’ll want to try Maryland’s famous crab cakes or if you’ve got a sweet tooth, the saltwater taffy or hot funnel cakes might be more your style. The boardwalk has something for everyone, shops, amusements, and food – not to mention the beach! 

3. Maryland Science centre

A trip to Maryland wouldn’t be complete without a trip to the Maryland science centre. Fun for both kids and adults, you can immerse yourselves in all things science. With three levels of exhibits, you can delve into learning more about astrology, palaeontology, physics and how the human body works. One of the most stunning attractions at the science centre is the rooftop observatory that allows you to explore the night sky. The planetarium is also not to be missed – an Imax theatre which features films on all things from space to butterflies. 

4. Fort McHenry 

Fort McHenry is well worth a visit for history experts and novices alike. This fort was built to defend Baltimore Harbour from a British attack in 1814. It has since then been named a ‘National Monument and Historic Shrine’. The Fort is open to visitors and is a must-see. When visiting you can choose one of the many tours to ensure you get the most from your time here, you can choose to pay for entry, or just take it all from a walk along the path near the bay. 

The visitor centre itself has artefacts and information, as well as a 10-minute film on the fort’s history that is not to be missed. Make sure you walk around the fort before you enter the grounds, and you’ll get to see canons that were used in World War 2.  

5. Baltimore National Aquarium 

The National Aquarium is considered one of the best in the Nation – so when planning your trip to Maryland, set aside some time to explore the thousands of animals it has to offer. The aquarium is situated in the Inner Harbour, so is easily accessible. Here, you can explore the depths of the ocean, the rainforest and more! This aquarium has it all – watch the sharks circle, the various species of birds take flight and watch the crocodiles snap. When visiting, you can choose a guided tour or just take your time, soaking up all that this attraction has to offer. 

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