Australia government has funded a new program, INOVASI (Innovation for Indonesia’s School Children) to address the issue of improving education for Indonesia’s local language speaking children. Indonesia is one of the most diverse nations in terms of linguistics. Around 300 languages are spoken in this country. And the government of Indonesia mandates Bahasa Indonesia as the primary and main language of the country.
The formal education is imparted in this particular language. Though the other local languages can be taught to students in their early classes, the teachers are majorly trained to provide education in Bahasa Indonesia. According to gurupendidikan.co.id, the people who speak local languages do not even have access to proper education material or standardized alphabet to learn their own local language. And INOVASI program is aimed to help those people. The pilots have already been selected to start work in West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.
The first learning project started in Bima, West Nusa Tenggara’s remote district, in August 2017. Under this project, the language transition took place gradually, where their local language, Bahasa Mbojo, was used as classroom instruction, and then they gradually shifted to Indonesian. This is called language bridge approach. The availability of alphabet and learning material in their local language facilitated the success of language bridge approach.
Similar approach is being undertaken in East Sumba, a remote island in Eastern Indonesia. But there are additional hurdles in Southwest Sumba, where there is no written material in their local language (Kodi). Around 20,000 people use this language across the region of Southwest Sumba. To address this, INOVASI partnered with Summer Institute of Languages (SIL) and developed the Bloom book approach. Under this, while language transition is taken well care of due to national focus, improving literacy in local language is necessary for its preservation.
According to our source (https://www.gurupendidikan.co.id/teks-ulasan/), the innovative Bloom software of SIL eases the whole process of bookmaking to allow wider participation. In this, users can create an original text, or simply use a template and insert local translations of the text. Overall, INOVASI program is focused on improving language transition while maintaining local language preservation.
Russian Lawmakers Plan to Restrict the Email Access Using Telephone Verification
Russian lawmakers have proposed to make it mandatory for internet users to verify their identity with phone numbers before gaining access to email. The State Duma has already made such a rule that put the same restrictions on the use of all instant messengers. The team of lawmakers led by senators Andrey Klishah and Alexander Bashkin, have also proposed to make it mandatory for email services to block messages containing any information that is banned in Russia. This action needs to take place within 24 hours from the time the state authorities notify of the issue.
The draft law’s explanatory note claims, “The adoption of this legislation will significantly reduce the number of false terrorist messages distributed through email services, create the legal conditions for bringing criminals to justice, and reduce the economic damage from such communications.”
The new email verification law will stop cyber crimes in the country and will provide hassle-free Internet service to Russians. Russia’s RuNet isolation law was also passed earlier this year. Senates Klisha and Bashkin were the co-authors of this law. The legislation is now allowing Russia’s federal authorities to command and take control over Russia’s Internet exchange points with the outside world. Russia can not create an infrastructure with the help of this theoretical law to make the country’s internet operate in isolation from the rest of the world. Russia government’s official censor, Roskomnadzor is authorized for running sustainable and safe internet services in the country.
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